IRA contribution limits
The maximum amount you can contribute to a traditional IRA or Roth IRA in 2013 increases to $5,500 (or 100% of your earned income, if less), up from $5,000 in 2012. The maximum catch-up contribution for those age 50 or older remains at $1,000. (You can contribute to both a traditional and Roth IRA in 2013, but your total contributions can’t exceed this annual limit.)
The income limits for determining the deductibility of traditional IRA contributions have also increased for 2013 (for those covered by employer retirement plans). For example, you can fully deduct your IRA contribution if your filing status is single/head of household, and your income (“modified adjusted gross income,” or MAGI) is $59,000 or less (up from $58,000 in 2012). If you’re married and filing a joint return, you can fully deduct your IRA contribution if your MAGI is $95,000 or less (up from $92,000 in 2012). If you’re not covered by an employer plan but your spouse is, and you file a joint return, you can fully deduct your IRA contribution if your MAGI is $178,000 or less (up from $173,000 in 2012).
Roth IRA contribution limits for 2013
The income limits for determining how much you can contribute to a Roth IRA have also increased. If your filing status is single/head of household, you can contribute the full $5,500 to a Roth IRA in 2013 if your MAGI is $112,000 or less (up from $110,000 in 2012). And if you’re married and filing a joint return, you can make a full contribution if your MAGI is $178,000 or less (up from $173,000 in 2012). (Again, contributions can’t exceed 100% of your earned income.)
Employer retirement plans
The maximum amount you can contribute (your “elective deferrals”) to a 401(k) plan has increased for 2013. The limit (which also applies to 403(b), 457(b), and SAR-SEP plans, as well as the Federal Thrift Plan) is $17,500 in 2013 (up from $17,000 in 2012). If you’re age 50 or older, you can also make catch-up contributions of up to $5,500 to these plans in 2013 (unchanged from 2012). (Special catch-up limits apply to certain participants in 403(b) and 457(b) plans.)
If you participate in more than one retirement plan, your total elective deferrals can’t exceed the annual limit ($17,500 in 2013 plus any applicable catch-up contribution). Deferrals to 401(k) plans, 403(b) plans, SIMPLE plans, and SAR-SEPs are included in this limit, but deferrals to Section 457(b) plans are not. For example, if you participate in both a 403(b) plan and a 457(b) plan, you can defer the full dollar limit to each plan–a total of $35,000 in 2013 (plus any catch-up contributions).
Simple IRA, Simple 401(k) and 401(k) Profit Sharing Plans
The amount you can contribute to a SIMPLE IRA or SIMPLE 401(k) plan has increased to $12,000 for 2013, up from $11,500 in 2012. The catch-up limit for those age 50 or older remains unchanged at $2,500.
The maximum amount that can be allocated to your account in a defined contribution plan (for example, a 401(k) plan or profit-sharing plan) in 2013 is $51,000 (up from $50,000 in 2012), plus age-50 catch-up contributions. (This includes both your contributions and your employer’s contributions. Special rules apply if your employer sponsors more than one retirement plan.)
Finally, the maximum amount of compensation that can be taken into account in determining benefits for most plans has increased to $255,000, up from $250,000 in 2012; and the dollar threshold for determining highly compensated employees remains unchanged at $115,000.
Manuel A. Martinez is a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ focused on helping families and small businesses in the Charleston and Mount Pleasant area. The following information is reprinted with permission from Forefield, Inc. Copyright 2006-2012.